January 16 through March 24, 2002
Exhibition by internationally acclaimed photographer Sebastião Salgado documents the plight of refugees and migrants in more than 35 countries around the world.
The University of California, Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive is proud to present Migrations: Photographs by Sebastião Salgado, opening January 16 through March 24, 2002. This major traveling exhibition features more than 300 black-and-white photographs of immigrants and refugees taken by renowned Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado. This exhibition is cosponsored by the UC Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism.
Migrations follows Salgado's 1993 series Workers, which documents displaced manual laborers in countries including Brazil, Cuba, India, as well as Western countries such as France, England, and the United States. For this latest series, Salgado photographed refugees, exiles, orphans, landless peasants, homeless families, and boat people, all of whom have been forced from their homes by explosive population growth, environmental degradation, natural disasters, and economic pressures. Over the course of seven years, Salgado chronicled mass migrations in more than 35 countries including Afghanistan, Kurdistan, Rwanda, Congo, Angola, Mozambique, and the Balkans. Photographs in this exhibition document Latin Americans entering the United States, Jews leaving the former Soviet Union, Africans traveling into Europe, and Bosnian refugees seeking shelter in Croatia.
The sheer number of images included in Salgado's Migrations speaks to the current unparalleled scale of mass migration. There are over 100 million migrants in the world today, a number that has doubled during the last decade. Every year, 40 million people leave their homes and move to the big cities, while 26 million refugees seek shelter in other countries. Salgado's Migrations carries great historical importance in being the first photographic survey of massive demographic displacement. His subjects-refugee children peering from crudely built shelters, Vietnamese people dragging a mastless skiff up onto a beach, or a crowd of Bosnian refugees looking across a barbed wire wall in Croatia-are all in an obvious state of distress. Salgado's intent is to capture viewers' attention. Through Migrations, he hopes to provoke debate on the condition of displaced people internationally by providing a visual link in a world divided by excess and need. The photographs have sometimes given rise to controversy over their aesthetic treatment of images of human suffering.
A two-time recipient of the Infinity Award for Photojournalism by the International Center of Photography, Salgado currently lives in Paris with his wife and collaborator Lélia Wanick Salgado. Sebastião Ribiero Salgado was born in 1944 as the sixth child and only boy in a family of eight children to a cattle rancher in Aimorés, Minas Gerais, Brazil. His keen interest for socioeconomic issues derives from his studies in economics in Brazil from 1964 – 67. Salgado earned an M.A. in economics in 1968 from the University of São Paolo and Vanderbilt University, and a Ph.D in economics at the University of Paris in 1971. He worked as an economist for the International Coffee Organization until 1973.
Only after borrowing his wife Lélia's camera during a trip to Africa in 1973 did Salgado make the switch to photography. In the ensuing years he joined several photography agencies before being elected to membership of Magnum Photos, where he stayed from 1979 – 94. As a photojournalist, Salgado covered news events such as wars in Angola and the Spanish Sahara, the taking of Isareli hostages in Entebbe, and the attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan. It was during his career as a photojournalist that Salgado began to pursue personal and in-depth documentary projects. He traveled around his native region in Latin America for seven years (1977-1984), scouring remote mountain villages and shooting images which eventually led to the his book and exhibition Other Americas (1986), an exploration of peasant cultures and the cultural resistance of Indians and their descendants in Mexico and Brazil. He also worked with the French aid group Doctors Without Borders for fifteen months in the mid-1980s in the drought-stricken Sahel region of Africa. This experience led to the production of Sahel: Man in Distress (1986), a document on the dignity and endurance of people in their deepest suffering. Other works by Salgado include Workers (1993), a documentary of manual laborers facing displacement with the advent of mass production via modern technologies and machines, and Terra: Struggle of the Landless (1997), which captures Brazilian natives fighting to reclaim their land.
Two separate publications, Sebastião Salgado - Migrations: Humanity in Transition, (9" x 14", 432 pages, 330 duotone photographs, $100 hardcover, $60 paperback) and Portraits - Devoted to Refugee Children Around the World (9" x 13", 112 pages, 91 duotone photographs, $45 hardcover, $25 paperback) will accompany the exhibition and are available in the Museum Bookstore. To order, call (510) 642-1475.
Lecture and Conversation
"Migrations: Humanity in Transition"
Monday, February 11, 7:30 p.m.
Wheeler Auditorium, UC Berkeley campus
Presented by the Doreen B. Townsend Center for the Humanities
Free admission. Please arrive early for assured seating.
World-renowned Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado will present a major slide-illustrated lecture about his work, with special emphasis on photographs featured in the museum's current exhibition Migrations: Photographs by Sebastião Salgado, which is copresented by the Graduate School of Journalism. Salgado will be on the Berkeley campus as an Avenali Lecturer, sponsored by the Townsend Center for the Humanities. Following Salgado's lecture, Orville Schell, Dean of UC Berkeley's Graduate School of Journalism, will join the photographer in conversation.
"The Spectre of Hope"
Introduced by Sebastião Salgado
Tuesday, February 12, 7 p.m.
Wheeler Auditorium, UC Berkeley campus
Admission: $25 Charge-by-Phone (510) 642-5249
The Spectre of Hope is a documentary based on the internationally renowned photographs of Sebastião Salgado. Salgado spent six years traveling to over 35 countries, photographing the plight of migrants, refugees, and displaced persons. In The Spectre of Hope, he presents these photographs in conversation
with John Berger, the acclaimed novelist and leading critic of art and photography. The film was directed by Paul Carlin and executive produced by Tim Robbins. The presentation of the film is cosponsored by Tides Foundation, which supports the Instituto Terra, a nonprofit environmental project founded by Sebastião Salgado for reforestation and a social ecology school in Atlantica Forest, Brazil.
UC Berkeley graduate students from the Geography Department, the School of Journalism, and the Art History Department will offer tours of Migrations: Photographs by Sebastião Salgado on Thursdays at 12:15 p.m. and Sundays at 2 p.m. unless another program is scheduled. Call (510) 642-0808 or visit http://www.bampfa.berkeley.edu for more information.